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  • Writer's pictureTom Fowler

Who is at Fault in a Rear-End Collision Involving 3 Cars?

Updated: Feb 24, 2022

Multiple vehicle accidents are often referred to as chain-reaction accidents as they usually involve a single initial incident leading to another. Most individuals presume that the driver at the back is inevitably at fault in a rear-end collision, especially those involving three or more fault cars.

However, these hypotheses are not always right. Different parties could be responsible or liable for a three-car rear-end collision, as well as third parties who were not in the cars.

Three-car auto accidents can be frustrating for all the drivers involved. It is a fact that it is not typically simple to determine who should pay for the damages or who was the at-fault driver. In this article, fault or ordinary car owners will learn some at fault multi-car accident driver scenes, go over who is at fault in a rear-end collision involving 3 car accidents, discuss the legal principles of at-fault multiple drivers or comparative driver negligence, and explain some factors that may influence whether the at-fault driver or party needs to pay or not.

What are the Multi-Car Accident Scenarios?

What are the Multi-Car Accident Scenarios?

The multi-car accident scenarios usually occur with the following scenarios:

  • Auto 3 rear-ends Auto 2 or Driver B, hitting it into Auto 1.

  • Auto 2 or Driver B rear-ends Auto 1 and Auto 3, then rear-ends Auto 2 or Driver B.

Though the typical multi-car accident is a 3-car accident, there are some cases where additional vehicles or multiple drivers are involved. It means that an additional car could be a fragment of the rear-ending chain reaction. Usually, we hear about bulky multi-car accidents caused by comparative negligence or some road factors. One automobile could hit multiple cars. A driver may have hit a group of parked automobiles that caused the initial accident.

In some cases, knowing how to determine who is at fault in a car accident is quite simple. But, when it involves multi-vehicle units, things get complicated. This is the reason why we need to be more cautious in their actions and have definite knowledge about rear-end collisions involving three-car crash scenes.

Through this, every at-fault driver can easily determine what to do and who to contact. Obviously, at fault or any driver could contact the insurance company and their lawyers. A driver may also seek free consultation from friends who have enough knowledge about multi-vehicle incident cases, or he may recover a compensation scheme. It is a must to know who is liable or responsible for causing another car crash or collision as a driver. He could possibly do this with the help of free law experts responsible or liable for injuries, traffic, vehicles, and the likes.

What are the Risks of a Chain Reaction Crash?

The danger of becoming hurt or injured in a road car accident is higher, especially in some chain-reaction crashes. This is observed compared to clashes involving only one driver or two cars. Here are some of its reasons:

• Multi Car Driver Impacts

If a car becomes involved in a driver chain-reaction type of crash, it has the possibility of being bumped into more than one. Every impact on the driver or car accident has the possibility of harming the passengers, including the driver.

Chaotic Scene

The Chain reaction crashes may lead to possible conflict and chaos. They usually leave debris from automobiles strewn on the public road. Passengers get out of vehicles to check the damages and to speak with other parties involved. There are also some good persons who stop at these incidents to provide some driver assistance.

Commercial Cars

Businesses depend on tractor-trailers to shift both finished products and raw materials from one place to another. But, these cars could weigh 20 or 30 times more than a car passenger. Therefore, they need more distance to stop, and chances are they are prone to continuously roll over when getting involved in a road accident.

Therefore, with these multiple risks, it is to drive safely and ensure that you have enough knowledge of how to deal with this road car accident scenario or driver comparative negligence cases.

Who’s at Fault Driver in a Rear-End Collision Involving Three Car Accident?

In a three-car chain-reaction rear-end incident, negligence is often associated with the automobile that caused the preliminary incident or personal injury. Therefore, if Vehicle 3 rear-ended Vehicle 2, hitting it into Vehicle 1, then Vehicle 3 would probably account for the majority of the road damage.

In the usual scenario where Car 2 rear-ends Car 1 and Vehicle 3 then rear-ends Vehicle 2, it is probable that Vehicle 1 would have slight carelessness, Vehicle 2 would either have had the same negligence as Vehicle 3.

Vehicle or driver 2 would probably be at fault as they smashed the driver or Vehicle 1. Vehicle 3 would probably be at fault as it would also smash Vehicle or driver 2. But, distributing impairment is not always simple. It is best to search for an assigned fault or know the liabilities. That can alter depending on multiple circumstances.

The typical examples of liability in a three-car accident or incident of multiple cars may include the following:

  • Speeding of any driver will lead to road crash liability.

  • A driver being under the influence of alcohol may be caused by an initial accident.

  • Distracted motorists while maneuvering their cars like texting or having a phone call while driving.

  • Drivers tailgating or following too close to other cars.

  • Drivers not having operating tail lights or not signaling may have caused the initial road crash or collision.

In most scenarios, it could be that Car 1 was distracted, speeding and suddenly hit on the brakes. Car 2 then might not be able to impede and may hit Driver or Car 1, and Car 3 might hit Car 2. In this scenario, Car 1 probably would be assigned a larger liability. But, the courts might recognize that Car or Driver 3 and 2 also bear liability, especially if they were also following too closely or speeding.

How to Determine Comparative Negligence in Car Accidents?

How to Determine Comparative Negligence in Car Accidents?

After knowing how fault is lawfully apportioned in multi-car accidents, drivers may be wondering how they identify the fault for the accident or apportions. While fault for the accident occurred is in due course decided by attorneys, law group or groups, a jury, or a judge in a settlement, the final apportionment always depends on the existing or available evidence.

Evidence of a car crash may include traffic citations and violations, police reports, traffic camera footage, witness statements, damage at the accident scenes, dashboard camera footage, health records, damage to automobiles that caused the initial car accident, and physician statements.

There is also some proof to hold someone accountable for a rear-end collision involving three-car crash drivers. A party must be lawfully responsible or liable for us to continue financial damages for the driver’s losses. The following factors must be present to prove someone’s liability during crash incidents of three or two drivers:

Duty of Care

The at-fault party must have a lawful duty. Every driver is responsible or liable to drive with carefulness and take accountable steps to avoid personal injury or property damage to others. Injured motorists may lead to several liability cases.


The neglect caused the whole car crash, collision, or accident to happen.

Breach of Duty

If the behavior of an at-fault driver does not meet the standard of the duty of care, the person is considered negligent.

Measurable Damages

Drivers must have quantifiable damages to continue recompense in a careless action. Physical harm gratifies this requirement.

Every road accident is diverse. There might be multiple persons involved in the accident or whose negligence was caused by the car crash accidents.

What are the Common Strategies Insurance Agencies Using Against You?

Insurance firms or agencies have been known to utilize several techniques to reject or minimize your claim. The typical examples of these are calling to ask about you and showing concern about your injuries or road accident. These insurance companies may appear sympathetic and friendly. But, they just have a hidden agenda. They are trying to collect clues on how you could be at fault for your road car accidents. These insurance companies may also suddenly contact you to record your conversation or injury claim. The main purpose of this is to get you on record, uttering something that could affect your case for recompense.

Because of these unwanted results in car accidents, drivers prefer to look for a legal or law group to talk to the insurance company on their behalf or for free consultation too. In case you receive a call or message from an insurance adjuster, what you need to do is to keep the conversation brief and short about the incident or injuries. A driver may call their attorney or any law group who will be handling the at-fault case.

A car accident lawyer knows how to handle insurance agencies and search for your best interests. They deeply understand the compensation and are responsible for assisting you in putting your life back after the injured scene or road incident. For your reference, here are the other tasks of an effective car accident lawyer:

  • Investigate your car accidents case through collecting evidence

  • Show some evidence that the accident harmed you, either physical or property damage.

  • Determine fault drivers and solve car in front accidents.

  • Calculate your car accidents' damages, both financial and non-monetary, and check the value of your case.

  • Manage all communications with other involved parties.

  • Organize your case defense or determine fault analysis.

If a settlement cannot be reached, a car accident attorney or legal officer will represent you in court and help determine fault drivers after an accident occurred. With their help, you will have your best opportunity at winning monetary compensation in your auto accident claim.

Are you in need of an Iowa personal injury lawyer? Then, you shouldn't miss contacting one for a free consultation. With a free consultation and certified law experts, you will be able to understand the law proceedings, especially car liability principles when it comes to a Des Moines personal injury claim.

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